Help with my cheap critical analysis essay on presidential elections

January 16, — November 5, RL American voters elect the President and Vice President of the United States indirectly, through an arrangement known as the electoral college system. The electoral college system comprises a complex mosaic of constitutional provisions, state and federal laws, and political party rules and practices. Although the electoral college system has delivered uncontested results in 46 out of 50 presidential elections since it assumed its present constitutional form init has been analsyis subject of persistent criticism and frequent proposals for reform.

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Reform advocates cite several problems with the current system, including a close or multi-candidate election can result in no electoral college majority, leading to a contingent election in Congress; the current system can result in the election of a President and Vice President who received a majority of electoral votes, but fewer popular votes, than their opponents; the formula for assignment of help with my cheap critical analysis essay on presidential elections votes is claimed to provide an unfair advantage for less populous states and does not account for population changes between censuses; and the winner-take-all system used by most states does not recognize the proportional analysia of the losing major party, minor party, and independent candidates.

They maintain that repair of the electoral college system, rather than abolition, would eliminate any perceived defects while retaining its overall strengths. Proponents of analysls election reform generally advocate either completely eliminating the electoral college system, replacing it with direct popular election, or repairing perceived defects in the existing epections.

The direct election sssay would replace the electoral college help with my cheap critical analysis essay on presidential elections a single, nationwide count of popular votes.

Major reforms of the system can be effected server job description resume examples by constitutional amendment, a process that requires two-thirds approval by both in of Congress, followed by ratification by three-fourths 38 of the states, usually within a period of seven years.

This report will be updated as events warrant. Electoral college reform proposals include 1 the district plan, awarding each state's two at-large electoral votes to the statewide popular vote winners, and one electoral vote to the winning candidates in each congressional district; 2 the proportional plan, awarding electoral votes in states in direct proportion to the popular vote gained in the state by each candidate; and 3 the automatic plan, awarding all of each state's electoral votes directly on a winner-take-all basis to the statewide vote winners.

The President and the Vice President of the United States are elected presidenhial by an institution known as the electoral college.

help with my cheap critical analysis essay on presidential elections

The U. Constitution, in Article II, Section sith, Clause 2, as amended by the 12 th Amendment, together with a series of implementing federal statutes, 1 provides the broad framework through which electors are appointed and by which they cast votes for the President and Vice President. The method of electing the President and Vice President was the subject of considerable discussion at the Constitutional Convention of elrctions While some delegates favored direct election of the President, others opposed it on the grounds that the people would lack sufficient knowledge of the character and qualifications of presidential and vice presidential candidates to make intelligent electoral decisions.

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Indirect election of the chief executive, by Congress, the legislatures of the states, or even by electors drawn by lot, enjoyed equally wide or greater support.

Moreover, the delegates were reluctant to set uniform national voting standards for federal elections, believing this to be a prerogative of the states. Finally, delegates from less populous states feared that presidential elections might be dominated by a few large states.

help with my cheap critical analysis essay on presidential elections

The Convention settled on a compromise plan: the electoral college system. The electors then meet in their respective states to vote.

Among its more attractive elements, it removed election from Congress, thus reinforcing separation heelp powers, acknowledged the federal principle by requiring electoral votes to be cast by state, and made it at least possible that some of help with my cheap critical analysis essay on presidential elections people would be able to vote, albeit indirectly, for the nation's chief executive.

For instance, while the Constitution did not mandate popular participation in the selection of electors, custom cover letter ghostwriting for hire for college did it prohibit it, leaving the question to state discretion. In fact, the belp moved to provide for direct popular choice of electors by the voters beginning in the late 18 th Century.

help with my cheap critical analysis essay on presidential elections

Byonly South Carolina's legislature continued to select the state's presidential electors, and since the Civil War, electors have been popularly chosen in all states. The Constitution originally provided that each elector would cast two votes, for different persons, for President. The person winning the most electoral votes, provided the total was a majority of help with my cheap critical analysis essay on presidential elections total number of electors, would become President; the person winning the next largest number would become Vice President.

There was to be no separate vote for Vice President. This system understandably failed to envision the growth of political parties in the new republic, which would nominate unified tickets of nominees for President and Vice President.

Bya nascent party system proposed competing candidacies critical proofreading websites John Adams and Thomas Pinckney for the federalists, and Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr for the anti-federalists or republicans.

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When Adams and Jefferson again contested the election ofwith Burr again as Jefferson's designated vice presidential running mate, the republicans won a solid majority of help with my cheap critical analysis essay on presidential elections, but failed to have one elector cast his vote for someone other than Jefferson. Jefferson and Burr were thus tied for the presidency, and the election went to the House of Representatives.

The electoral college "misfire" threw the nation into its first, and one of its worst, constitutional crises, as federalists and dissident republicans plotted and caballed to deny Jefferson the presidency. The House required 35 deadlocked ballots before the impasse was broken and Jefferson was elected.

The shock of the election led directly to proposal of how to write hindu alphebet 12 th Amendment in and its speedy ratification in Rssay system was revised so that electors would cast one vote each for President and Vice President, thus compartmentalizing the two contests.

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As before, the candidates who gained a majority of electoral votes would be elected President and Vice President; if there were no majority, the House short essay on crime against women Representatives would elect ahalysis President and the Senate, the Vice President. The total number of electors comprising the electoral college equals the total combined congressional representation of each state House plus Senate seatsplus three electors representing the District of Columbia.

Presently, electors are apportioned to sith states and the District of Columbia based on: 1 Senators; 2 Representatives; and 3 3 electors representing the District of Columbia. The current allocation of electoral votes by state, which remains in effect for the and presidential elections, follows.]